New Theory on Climate Change


Michael Davies
Junceira Cao Sertainho
Portugal
21 DECEMBER 2009
I ASSERT MY RIGHT UNDER THE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS LAWS
OF THE EUROPEAN UNION AS THE SOLE AUTHOR OF THIS WORK. I acknowledge the~owners of the freely available scientific literature and various websites on which I conducted my research. But the following designations are mine.

1. Simple Atmospheric Astable Thermal Amplifier
2. Anthropogenic Tuned Astable Thermal Amplifier
3. Multi-state Tunable Atmospheric Thermal Amplifier
4. Thermal Capacitance
5. Atmospheric Capacitor

Other new concepts introduced in the text will be similarly attested
Not withstanding I freely give this theory to the scientific community for research and validation purposes. All necessary data-sets for the empirically derived theory are in the public domain.

Executive summary
I intend to give new insights into the realms of climatology, paleoclimatology and
Milankovich cycles. In doing so I will draw down on my knowledge of simple electronic circuits and empirical evidence available in published data namely

1. 420,000 years of ice core data from Vostok research station
2. 65 Myr of Climate Change
3. Greenland ice core data from the Holocene

The millennial scale Climate of the earth appears exceedingly complex, but I intend to show that a simple intellectual construct of this climate engine can be given. The determination of this model assigns a constant to the general short term and chaotic effects of the Atmosphere and Biosphere, (attested as Global Constant). This figure is unknown but will be derived once a robust mathematical model is constructed.
The model contains three components, the physical ( Atmosphere and Biosphere), the acting force and the feedback mechanism.
I intend to call the pre-Halocene configuration of the engine the Simple Atmospheric
Astable Thermal Amplifier and show that its amplitude *T is constrained by the GC and the action of a feedback mechanism.
The force acting on this amplifier is total Insolation as described by various considerations of the Milankovich cycle.
The feedback mechanism is atmospheric carbon dioxide and the action of this feedback
mechanism is the constrainer of the amplitude.
The major output of this model is the value *T which can be empirically derived from both the vostok graph and the 65Myr climate change graph.
By considering the reasoning of this I can further deduce if theoretical non Insolation
forcing events are removed from the 65 Myr graph it has two major components, the *T harmonic and a curve directly related to average total atmospheric CO2. Furthermore the amplitude of *T is inversely proportional to the atmospheric CO2 concentration at all points.
As a by product of the model it can be intellectually inferred from the graphs that the driver of current downward trend of total CO2 is natural Carbon sequestration. And I intend to describe this more fully later in the theory.
I attest that this model is robust under geological timescales and as a product of the model the current era i.e. Halocene can be described.

At the Holocene boundary a tipping point occurred, and I deduced that the Global Amplifier evolved. This iteration of the model I called the Tuned Astable Thermal Amplifier. I considered possible scenarios for the nature of this tipping point.
But firstly I will describe the evolution of the Amplifier. At the tipping point the CO2
concentration of the atmosphere uncoupled from the forcing cycle. There is a fingerprint of this event in the Vostok cores. The Amplifier took on the characteristics of a tuned electrical circuit or a mechanically damped system i.e., shock absorber, smoothing filter. This was my EUREKA moment. Firstly I considered how a simple tuned electrical cct works. Essentially this is an amplifier configuration with 4 connections they are +V, -V, input and output, the output is capacitively coupled. This configuration is amplitude constrained *V is the maximum amplitude
and the output is delayed. The capacitor and load can be configured to manage the time constant of this cct. This is the general design I intuited and the analogous components of the design are *V computes to *T, the atmosphere is the Thermal Capacitor and the Biosphere is the load, the input is the Insolation and this is not modified at this point. In consideration of how I thought this new configuration worked, I iterated the design to a simple smoothing cct which has the following
properties in respect to the alternating input. 1 delay, 2, signal spread and 3 attenuation of the amplitude. This to an approximation is the design of the climate engine.
This model has the following properties which can be seen in the GISP graph of Holocene temperatures. A decay in amplitude, smoothing of temperature and a new baseline.
Next I considered the nature of the tipping point and its relation to the source of CO2, my considered opinion is that it is Anthropogenic in origin. This will be explored later, the opinion is personal, the final iteration of this configuration I am calling the Anthropogenic Tuned Astable Thermal Amplifier, or conversely the Tuned Astable Thermal Amplifier
This as described above was my eureka moment. This was the start of my journey, the
previous version of the atmospheric engine was iterated backwards from model 2 to 1, tested robustly and reiterated forward where it evolved into model 3 and the final model.
Finally I projected forward and evolved my design into the final model. This I have called Multi-state Tunable Atmospheric Thermal Amplifier
The main body of the theory will cover the evidence for and the evolution of the model tested against the climate record, the calibration of the system, the evidence for the tipping point and the Anthropogenic component.
The 3rd phase is more complex and requires considerable intellectual searching, although frm the title of the model 4 iteration you may infer its content to some extent.
Conclusion:
The developed theoretical model is empirically robust over geoligical timescales and
appears robust in the Holocene. The implications of this have momentous consequences.
Thanks to
Milutin Malankovich
Dr Iain Stewart
Dr Bill Ruddiman
for Inspiration

And finally the process model FW: Life the Universe and Everything‏
From:
Mike Davies (madmike.davies@hotmail.com)
Sent:
22 December 2009 21:32:18
To:
bill ruddiman (wfr5c@virginia.edu)

Bill
 
Can I submit to your university as my PhD thesis on you choose the category
 
All, The process documented by Me for the first time

     Forgot to tell you how it works.
 
        1. The earth is heated by the energy of sunlight in a variable cycle
        2. The Atmospheric Thermal Amplifier controls the temperature and consists of the earth and some or all of its processes
        3. The control method is the carbon cycle
        4. The carbon cycle is the transfer of carbon between
        the Biosphere, Atmosphere, Ocean and  Lithosphere
        5. Humans now control the carbon cycle
        6, The Climate is now more stable than it has been in at least 3.5 million years
        7. We are now the principle driving force of the climate 
        8. The amplifier comes with a calibration curve, that  means we can decide how hot we want the bath water
     
regards
Mike Davies

Calibration document can be found on Wikipedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleocene%E2%80%93Eocene_Thermal_Maximum

title 65 Myr of climate change

Advertisements

About madmikedavies

Retired Communications Engineer, living in Portugal. Interests are Cosmology, Earth Sciences, Organic farming, Climatology, Football, Golf, Birdwatching, and Dogs
This entry was posted in Climate change and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink.

17 Responses to New Theory on Climate Change

  1. Sent to Steve MxIntyre

    madmikedavies
    Posted Jul 2, 2010 at 4:29 PM | Permalink | ReplySteve,
    I have been trying to post a new theory about climatechange,which basically says that climate change is benign and also gives a method to show what future tenperatures will be,it keeps disappearing. I would appreciate being able to discuss and prove this theory

    Mike DAvies

    And finally the process model FW: Life the Universe and Everything
    From
    : Mike Davies (madmike.davies@hotmail.com)
    Sent: 22 December 2009 21:32:18
    bill ruddiman (wfr5c@virginia.edu)
    Bill
    Can I submit to your university as my PhD thesis on you choose the category
    All, The process documented by Me for the first time
    Forgot to tell you how it works.
    1. The earth is heated by the energy of sunlight in a variable cycle
    2. The Atmospheric Thermal Amplifier controls the temperature and consists of the earth
    and some or all of its processes
    3. The control method is the carbon cycle
    4. The carbon cycle is the transfer of carbon between
    the Biosphere, Atmosphere, Ocean and Lithosphere
    5. Humans now control the carbon cycle
    6, The Climate is now more stable than it has been in at least 65 million years
    7. We are now the principle driving force of the climate
    8. The amplifier comes with a calibration curve, that means we can decide how hot we want
    the bath water
    regards
    Mike Davies
    Home: 00351 274 844009
    Mobile: 00351 932 280830

    Like

  2. I usually tend to mull over things a little harder about all kinds of things after I read someone new’s site and their thoughts. I’m really thankful for the weblog in addition to how it has transformed the web into a substantial variety of distributed thoughts. I found myself on here just after finishing up some stuff for work on Yahoo and somehow came across your site. Had a blast reading through your articles and I will be adding you to my Google Reader to keep track down the road. Cheers!

    Like

    • Hi,
      Glad you like my idea, the temperature graph you can find on wikepedia, the 3 components I have so far identified, are
      1. the 65 Million Year curve which appears to be related to plate tectonics and principally the level of volcanic outgassing.
      2. The harmonic of +/- 1 deg centrigade which is related to the variation of total solar radiation
      3. The increase in negative temperature over the last million years, which is related to the ice ages.

      The theory seems to indicate that the ice age cycle was stopped by humans 14.000 yrs ago by the application of fire.

      Without this the northern hemisphere could have been covered by ice sheets.

      regards mad Mike

      Like

  3. Ovelve says:

    I don’t generally reply to content but I’ sure will in this case. Wow a big thumbs up for this one C CLass IP hosting!

    Like

  4. Latest thoughts

    The theory states that the earth can be modelled as a Thermal Amplifier, and that C02 is the principle feedback mechanism,
    Part of the theoretical proof is that at the termination of the last ICE AGE humans took over control of the Carbon cycle, and that the Younger Dryas is the failed rump of what should be the current ICE AGE.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Younger_Dryas

    Like

  5. I have edited the following paragraph

    By considering the reasoning of this I can further deduce if theoretical non Insolation forcing events including glaciation are removed from the 65 Myr graph it has two major components, the *T harmonic and a curve directly related to average total atmospheric CO2. Furthermore the amplitude of *T is proportional to the Insolation at all points

    Like

  6. Latest edition of theory

    Michael Davies
    Junceira Cao Sertainho
    Portugal
    21 DECEMBER 2009

    I ASSERT MY RIGHT UNDER THE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS LAWS
    OF THE EUROPEAN UNION AS THE SOLE AUTHOR OF THIS WORK. I acknowledge the owners of the freely available scientific literature and various websites on which I conducted my research. But the following designations are mine.

    1.Simple Atmospheric Astable Thermal Amplifier
    2.Anthropogenic Tuned Astable Thermal Amplifier
    3.Multi-state Tunable Atmospheric Thermal Amplifier
    4.Thermal Capacitance
    5.Atmospheric Capacitor

    Other new concepts introduced in the text will be similarly attested
    Not withstanding I freely give this theory to the scientific community for research and validation purposes. All necessary data-sets for the empirically derived theory are in the public domain.

    Executive summary
    I intend to give new insights into the realms of climatology, paleoclimatology and Milankovich cycles. In doing so I will draw down on my knowledge of simple electronic circuits and empirical evidence available in published data namely

    1.420,000 years of ice core data from Vostok research station
    2.65 Myr of Climate Change
    3.Greenland ice core data from the Holocene

    The millennial scale Climate of the earth appears exceedingly complex, but I intend to show that a simple intellectual construct of this climate engine can be given. The determination of this model assigns a constant to the general short term and chaotic effects of the Atmosphere and Biosphere, (attested as Global Constant). This figure is unknown but will be derived once a robust mathematical model is constructed. The model contains three components, the physical ( Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Lithosphere and Biosphere, ), the acting force and the feedback mechanism.
    I intend to call the pre-Holocene configuration of the engine the Simple Atmospheric Astable Thermal Amplifier and show that its amplitude *T is constrained by the GC and the action of feedback mechanisms.
    The force acting on this amplifier is total Insolation as described by various considerations of the Milankovich cycle.
    The principle feedback mechanism is atmospheric carbon dioxide and the action of this feedback mechanism is the constrainer of the amplitude.
    The secondary feedback mechanism is terrestrial ice sheets, and this is the main driver of negative temperature anomalies during glacial periods

    The major output of this model is the value *T which can be empirically derived from both the vostok graph and the 65Myr climate change graph.
    By considering the reasoning of this I can further deduce if theoretical non Insolation forcing events including glaciation are removed from the 65 Myr graph it has two major components, the *T harmonic and a curve directly related to average total atmospheric CO2. Furthermore the amplitude of *T is proportional to the insolation at all points.
    As a by product of the model it can be inferred from the graphs that the driver of the pre -Holocene downward trend of total CO2 is natural Carbon sequestration. The 65 Myr curve appears to correlate with natural C02 out gassing from Volcanic/Tectonic activities, rising during events like the Deccan Plateau Basalt formations and falling due to C02 sequestration in the Lithosphere during low volcanic episodes.
    Furthermore, when C02 falls below the mean level for the Eocene i.e. 600 ppm Ice can form on continental masses during the negative lobe of the Insolation cycle and amplify both the negative temperature profile and the decay in atmospheric C02

    I attest that this model is robust under geological timescales and as a product of the model the current era i.e. Holocene can be described.

    At the Holocene boundary a tipping point occurred, and I deduced that the Global Amplifier evolved. This iteration of the model I called the Tuned Astable Thermal Amplifier. I considered possible scenarios for the nature of this tipping point.

    But firstly I will describe the evolution of the Amplifier. At the tipping point the CO2 concentration of the atmosphere uncoupled from the forcing cycle. There is a fingerprint of this event in the Vostok cores. The Amplifier took on the characteristics of a tuned electrical circuit or a mechanically damped system i.e., shock absorber, smoothing filter.

    This was my EUREKA moment. Firstly I considered how a simple tuned electrical cct works. Essentially this is an amplifier configuration with 4 connections they are +V, -V, input and output, the output is capacitively coupled. This configuration is amplitude constrained *V is the maximum amplitude and the output is delayed.
    The capacitor and load can be configured to manage the time constant of this cct. This is the general design I intuited and the analogous components of the design are *V computes to *T, the atmosphere is the Thermal Capacitor and the Biosphere is the load, the input is the Insolation. The C02 cycle is predicted to be out of phase with the Insolation cycle by a large enough lag to account for the observed capacitive effects. The reason for this lag is thought to be because of the temperature sensitivity/C02 absorption gradient of the Hydrosphere.
    In consideration of how I thought this new configuration worked, I iterated the design to a simple smoothing cct which has the following properties in respect to the alternating input. 1 delay, 2, signal spread and 3 attenuation of the amplitude. This to an approximation is the design of the climate engine.
    These properties of the Model can be seen in the GISP graph of Holocene temperatures. A decay in amplitude, smoothing of output temperature and a new baseline.
    Next I considered the nature of the tipping point and its relation to the source of CO2, my considered opinion is that it is Anthropogenic in origin. This will be explored later, the opinion is personal, the final iteration of this configuration I am calling the Anthropogenic Tuned Astable Thermal Amplifier, or conversely the Tuned Astable Thermal Amplifier
    This as described above was my eureka moment. This was the start of my journey, the previous versions of the atmospheric engine were iterated backwards from model 2 to 1, tested robustly and reiterated forward where it evolved into the final model.
    This I have called Multi-state Tunable Atmospheric Thermal Amplifier

    The main body of the theory will cover the evidence for and the evolution of the model tested against the climate record, the calibration of the system, the evidence for the tipping point and the Anthropogenic component.

    The 3rd phase is more complex and requires considerable intellectual searching, although from the title of the final iteration you may infer its content to some extent.

    Conclusions:

    1. The developed theoretical model is empirically robust over geological timescales and appears robust in the Holocene. The implications of this have momentous consequences.
    2. The theory states that the earth can be modeled as a Thermal Amplifier, and that C02 is the principle feedback mechanism.
    3. Part of the theoretical proof is that at the termination of the last ICE AGE humans took over control of the Carbon cycle, and that the Younger Dryas is the failed rump of what should be the current ICE AGE
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Younger_Dryas
    4. The theory seems to indicate that the optimal level of C02 for the Eocene (Mammalian Age)is 600 ppm or roughly twice the current level.
    5. Continental ICE SHEETS if allowed to develop can destroy this configuration and lead to mass extinctions as they amplify the effect of lowering temperatures.
    6. Future temperature rises will be constrained by anthropogenic C02 and the effects can be managed.
    7. It should be possible to read average global temperature for all values of C02 from 200 ppm to 1200 ppm from the calibration graph.

    Thanks to
    Milutin Malankovich
    Dr Iain Stewart
    Dr Bill Ruddiman
    and Wikepedia
    for Inspiration

    ADDENDUM A.

    If the effects of ice can be negated the simple process model is

    1.The earth is heated by the energy of sunlight in a variable cycle
    2.The Atmospheric Thermal Amplifier controls the temperature and consists of the earth and some or all of its processes
    3.The control method is the carbon cycle
    4.The carbon cycle is the transfer of carbon between
    the Biosphere, Atmosphere, Ocean and Lithosphere
    5.Humans now control the carbon cycle
    6.The Climate is now more stable than it has been in at least 65 million years
    7.We are now the principle driving force of the climate
    8.The amplifier comes with a calibration curve, that means we can decide how hot we want the bath water

    Like

  7. The Function of the Earth as a Thermal Amplifier

    Michael Davies
    Junceira Cao Sertainho
    Portugal
    21 AUGUST 2010

    I ASSERT MY RIGHT UNDER THE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS LAWS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION AS THE SOLE AUTHOR OF THIS WORK. I acknowledge the owners of the freely available scientific literature and various websites on which I conducted myresearch.

    In my previous posting I considered that the Earth acted as a thermal amplifier. In this posting I will expand and consider the roll of each of the components. Insolation, Physical (Hydrosphere, Atmosphere, Lithosphere and Biosphere) and feedback mechanisms.
    DEFINITIONS
    1. Insolation(total INcident SOLar radiATION) is the variation in solar radiation received by the earth due to its orbital dynamics and the total solar radiation available. This is described in the theory of Milankovich cycles.
    2. The earth has a dynamic hydrosphere due to its position in the theoretical circumstellar habitable zone. This is one of the conditions for the evolution of carbon based life.
    3. The earth has a developed atmosphere which contains trace amounts of greenhouse gases, i.e. C02, CH4 and water vapour.
    4. The earth has an active lithosphere, which appears to alternately out-gas and sequester carbon and in doing so affects the average C02 levels over millennial timescales.
    5. The biosphere is intimately involved in the carbon cycle, it uses C02 for fuel and acts as a reservoir of carbon, i.e. a carbon sink and transfers organic carbon to the lithosphere.
    6. Feedback, for the purpose of this theory only two feedback mechanisms will be considered, i.e. C02 and ice.

    The model assumes that increasing insolation first acts on the hydrosphere, releasing excess C02 to the atmosphere as the equilibrium conditions are changed by the additional heating. This excess C02 then heats up the atmosphere but there is a lag between the acting force and the observed increase in C02 and temperature. see Vostok 420 yr ice core data on Wikepedia

    This means that the average temperature of the atmosphere is directly related to the level of C02 and not the insolation, conversely the average temperature of the hydrosphere is directly related to the insolation. This effect allows the average temperature of the atmosphere to be predicted based on one variable. i.e. C02.
    During periods in the planetary C02 cycle when a average C02 levels are above 500 ppm the effect means that temperatures are relatively stable over millions of years with only a 1-2 degC peak to peak amplitude for the duration of each milankovich cycle. The major perturbations in thisrelationship are obvious and external influences can be found.
    Below 500 ppm C02 a secondary feedback mechanism becomes increasingly dominant, the formation of terrestrial ice sheets directly affects the level of insolation due to effects like albedo, and leads to increased energy reflection and C02 absorption in the oceans. This increases feedback, such that the peak to peak global temperature variation can have an amplitude of up to 10 degC per cycle. The Vostok graph also shows that temperature changes during glacial cycles are more volatile and can have rapid inter cycle variations. The final outcome of this scenario would be the condition known as snowball earth as increasing extent of glacial conditions, lead to a corresponding lowering of
    atmospheric C02 and further amplification of the negative temperature trends.

    During the last 400kyr rapid evolution has occurred in the biosphere due to heat/climate stress, rather than possible radiation sources, as the earth has been within increasing cold cycles.
    During this evolutionary phase the biosphere evolved a life form which was able to influence its environment. By interfering with the C02 cycle using simple tools, like agriculture, fire, and harvesting of the environment humanity has been able to influence, then control the carbon cycle.

    By way of increased population density and an increased carbon footprint the cycle of ice ages was broken, and there are several possible signatures of this in the vostok cores.

    I will return to this idea once I have discussed the role of the lithosphere.
    For the duration of the current temperature cycle(PALOGENE) the average C02 levels have been dominated by the state of the lithosphere. It can be inferred that at the start of the Paleocene, conditions were similar to that as shown in the vostok cores i.e. rapid cooling, long glacial cycles
    and a trend towards snowball. Continental ice sheets must have been an inhibitor of normal tectonic processes, such that as a consequence large scale volcanic/basaltic provinces erupted over the subsequent 20 Myr and consequently atmospheric C02 and global temperature increased. Since
    approximately 45 Myr the cycle has been predominantly negative with a pronounced step at the Oligocene mass extinction event/antarctic glaciation which was caused in part by a drop in atmospheric C02 due to a probable external forcing. For the final 15 Myr of the period, C02 and temperature levels have shown a steady decline probably due to low tectonic activity, but the amplitude of the milankovich variation has increased due to increased glaciation. The effect of increased glaciation can be seen in the 5 Myr graph of temperature.
    There are many possible anthropogenic signatures in the Vostok record, firstly from approx 250 kyr the phase relationship between cause and effect became muddled. Secondly from approx 120 kyr the temperature and C02 rise appears to partially synchronize with the milankovitch cycle, aiding the forcing cycle, indeed both atmospheric C02 and temperature are higher than the preceding interglacial. Thirdly at 14 kyr, the C02 cycle evolved from an effect to a cause, at this point it became the predominant factor in global temperature maintaining approximately current temperature levels even though the insolation was declining. The Vostok temperature record for the
    current period is inconclusive, although it shows temperature variations an order of magnitude smaller than the preceding periods, but there are records for the Holocene, which have subsequently been hidden which show an approximate damping signal for this period.

    I will attempt to describe.
    At the end of the last interglacial, radiative forcing was overcome by C02 forcing and the observed glacial termination is historically attested as the Younger Dryas. The temperature signal for this event and the subsequent maxima and minima show good correlation with a damped circuit.
    The negative and positive lobes (in order) of this are attested historically as 1. Younger Dryas 12 kyr bp -5C , 2. Holocene Optimum 8 kyr bp +1.5C, Climate minima 6kyr bp -1.5C, Cretan optima 3700 bp +1C, Doric minima 3000 bp -1C, Roman maxima 2500 bp +0.8C, dark ages 1600 bp -0.8C,
    MWP 900 bp +0.7C, LIA 400 bp -0.5C. All the dates and absolute temperatures are approximate .
    Although I have argued that climate is measured over millennia these centennial scale variations are the key components of the global amplifier theory, and should provide the basis for the necessary mathematical rules.

    Conclusions
    The global thermal amplifier effect means that for good or ill humanity now controls the earths climate, but not currently its weather.
    Current insolation is at a minima, which means that future temperature changes will be positive, but the amplifier effect can be controlled.
    THE KEY MEASURE OF GLOBAL TEMPERATURE IS ATMOSPHERIC C02
    Humans through Fuel extraction have replaced plate tectonics as the key driver of atmospheric C02 , but if we hadn’t our civilization would have vanished under ice 1200 yrs ago
    Temperature graphs can be obtained from the 65 Myr record which will aid predictions of future global climate.
    We can control the climate but we cannot control the weather.
    In opposition to my assertion in the previous version of this theory, the C02/thermal capacitor is the ocean/atmosphere interaction, but the forcing regime is the atmosphere.
    The Biosphere is the control mechanism, and humans have their hands on the thermostat, but currently we do not have the correct set of instructions

    The solution is within our reach, but god help our children in the face of political corruption and corporate greed.

    Mike Davies
    Junceira
    August 2010

    Like

  8. #jkjohnson[GJEEGKKGGJGG] says:

    Hi – I am really glad to discover this. great job!

    Like

  9. Roormfoemlige says:

    Just making my first send at madmikedavies.wordpress.com, which seems to be a wonderful forum!

    Like

  10. Great page plus easy so that you can figure out justification. Exactly how can I actually approach getting concur so that you can post element of your document at my upcoming newsletter? Getting proper consumer credit back a journalist plus backlink to your web-site won’t often be a problem.

    Like

    • It will be difficult to get concurrence as every body else is looking at ths problem in too great a detail, but if you want some idea of the overall arguments look at http://theresilientearth.com/?q=welcome-resilient-earth-web-site
      My theory is based on 2 things, a nagging doubt about all the hysteria about AGW on the TV and in the press, and study of the articles about Milankovitch cycles on wikipedia. I found a graph on one of the US government websites (I can’t find it again) from an ice core which looks to me like the signature of a damped system from about 12000 bc to about 2000 bc. I have an unpublished paper in which I have tried to reproduce this graph. Basically I view the Holocene temperature record as a damped response to an inbalance in the climate system, this inbalance was caused by CO2 not following the downward temp trend as the last interglacial ended, and creating a forcing opposing this trend. The following temperature record is a bit like a spring which is extended and released.

      The reason for this forcing is the spread of humans into North America

      I have posted some of my comments on other sites

      Like

  11. computer coupon code says:

    Hmm it looks like your website ate my first comment (it was extremely long) so I guess
    I’ll just sum it up what I wrote and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog.
    I as well am an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still new to the whole thing. Do you have any points for newbie blog writers? I’d certainly appreciate it.

    Like

  12. ray ban 3026 aviator large says:

    Spot on with this write-up, I truly suppose this internet site needs a lot much more consideration. probably be once much more to learn way more, thanks for that info.
    ray ban 3026 aviator large http://www.m-inspira.com/listinfo.php?pid=1623

    Like

  13. Longchamp Shopper Braun says:

    Very useful info. Hope to see more posts soon!

    Like

  14. Ray Ban Aviator Titanium Polarized says:

    With havin so much content do you ever run into any issues of plagorism or copyright infringement? My site has plenty of exclusive content material I’ve either developed myself or outsourced but it appears plenty of it really is popping it up all more than the internet without my authorization. Do you know any strategies to help stop content material from being ripped off? I’d genuinely appreciate it.
    Ray Ban Aviator Titanium Polarized http://expatsat.com/Gafas-Ray-Ban-Wayfarer-Folding.php?pid=1173

    Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s